Thaba Bosiu

Thaba Bosiu, the most famous historical site in Lesotho and the country’s greatest national monument, is a flat-topped mountain about 20km east of present-day Maseru. It was here that King Moshoeshoe I established his citadel, heralding the birth of the Basotho nation. To flee attackers who had been terrorising his people, Moshoeshoe travelled from Butha-Buthe to Thaba Bosiu in 1824 in search of a place that was practically impenetrable. Thaba Bosiu was such a place, its summit surrounded by near-vertical cliffs, with excellent grazing and freshwater springs to be found at the top.

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